Features that Make Magento 2 an Irresistible Platform
Magento is definitely a leading e-commerce solution which offers a boost your business. While Magento 1.x proved to be a definite hit with most business owners, it’s time for a newer and better version to work in tandem with stores and uplift the businesses. Magento 2 has generated enough curiosity with respect to its features and layouts. Here are some interesting improvements in Magento 2 that need to be highlighted. These features will definitely set standards for the coming year, as far as ecommerce is concerned.
File Structure that Supports CustomizationsMagento 2 has come with improved and enhanced file structure. Two major changes have been made to the file structure. Everything will now be placed under the app structure in Magento 2. Secondly, each module in your store will have an individual View directory which will contain the module specific template, layout, .js and CSS/LESS files. With this small improvisation, customization has been made easy. You don’t need to enter the Magento core to make the customization. Magento 2 file structure includes four types of directories, which help segregate the task, thus reducing the load on core files and structure
- Primary Directories: You cannot modify this directory. The base, library and code directory are a part of this directory structure
- System Directories: DI directory, Generation directory as well as etc directory form a part of the system directories. You can change the location of system directories using the EntryPoint class as shown below
$result = $entrypoint -> run (‘Magento\App\Http’, array( ‘app_dirs’ => array( DirectoryList :: MEDIA => array( ‘path’ => ‘pub/media.test’, ‘uri’ => ‘pub/media’ ) ) ));
- Application Directories: The app directory, design directory, var directory, temporary directory, cache directory, log directory, session directory and systmp directory are included in the application directory
- Public Directories: pub directory, pub_lib directory, media directory, upload directory, static directory as well as pub_view_cache_directory are included in this directory
Intuitive Layout for Better InterfaceContainer wrapper is the new intuitive concept that has replaced the original structural block concept of Magento 1.x which used to be listed in core/text_list. Container wrappers can include blocks as well as other containers and render them all. If you want to arrange the blocks to form a custom structure, the editor makes it intuitive and easy. You are giving out an interactive interface with this improvised layout. Let’s have a look at the improvised layout structure for Magento 2
Base Layout Structure
__app/code/<Namespace>/<Module> |__/view |__/<area> |__/layout |--<layout_file1>.xml |--<layout_file2>.xml
Theme Layout Structure
__app/design/<area>/<theme_path> |__/<Namespace>_<Module> |__/layout |--<layout1>.xml |--<layout2>.xml |__/override/base/ |--<layout1>.xml
<layout xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <update handle="page_one_column" /> <referenceContainer name="content"> <!-- ... --> </referenceContainer> </layout>
Enhanced Performance and ScalabilitySpeed and performance hacks were constantly offered by the development team while working with Magento 1.x, as that was considered to be a major issue with this version. But, things have apparently changed with Magento 2.0 Let’s have a look at how Magento has managed to improvise both performance and scalability
PerformanceIndexing is the way Magento is able to improve the speed of the website by keeping the index tables updated, thus expediting the speed of your query performance. In Magento 2, the new default indexers which have been included have ensured that index updates are efficient and the query performance speed is enhanced. The newer version has come with a performance test kit which allows you to create test environments and thus verify the system performance, and optimize it accordingly. Magento 2 has integrated with Varnish cache to reduce the load on the server, thus improving the speed of the website.
ScalabilityWith Magento 2 you can easily have multiple admin users create and modify the products/categories. Full load caching that comes with this new version helps cache the static page thus improving the speed of the website.
Preprocessing with CSSMagento 2 uses the CSS and LESS, instead of bootstrap, in the core. The CSS files are published together with other view static files in the pub/directory in file structure. With the help of preprocessors, the preprocessing of the files in CSS occurs in Magento 2. The two preprocessors that help in Magento 2 include:
- LESS Preprocessor: This preprocessor works in tandem with LESS PHP adapter to enable use of LESS
- CSS URL Resolver: the links in CSS source files are resolved using this preprocessor